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From Odesa to Berdyansk, the strategic grain ports

The six major grain export terminals from Ukraine

09 June, 14:18
(ANSA) - ROME, JUN 9 - The unlocking of grain exports from Ukraine, one of the world's largest producers, whose crops are in danger of rotting, thus potentially triggering a global nutritional crisis, basically depends on six ports: Chornomorsk, Yuzhny, Mykolaiv, Berdyansk, Mariupol and Odesa. Six major terminals, whose docks guarantee the export of millions of TEU of grains, such as wheat and corn, and other essential raw materials.

These ports, blockaded by bombs and mines scattered across the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea, can hardly be replaced by other routes and terminals. As for the railways, there are many infrastructural differences between Ukrainian networks and those in the rest of Europe. The same happens if you consider road transport. Despite attempts to find alternatives, supported even by the current EU plan of 'solidarity lanes,' which allowed two weeks ago the first delivery on train tracks to Lithuania, less than half of the daily pre-war flow gets out of Ukraine, with times lengthening to 2-4 weeks.

River connections are also being considered to transport some grain to Romania. And overland transports are underway to Poland, Bulgaria, and Lithuania. Sea transport remains unavoidable, though. So here below are the main ports without which the grain emergency risks turning into a global crisis.

* ODESA - The country's biggest port and the second largest Black Sea harbor, with traffic amounting in 2021 to 675.000 thousand TEU, handled over 3.5 million tons of grain last year.

* CHORNOMORSK - South of Odesa, the central grain departure hub. It has a capacity of over 110,000 TEUs per year and annual traffic of 4 million tons.

* YUZHNY - Ukraine's third-biggest port, located in the Odesa district has one of the country's most cutting-edge industrial areas and handles mainly hydrocarbons.

* MYKOLAIV - It is home to the largest shipyards in the Black Sea. Fifty kilometers from Kherson, it is a vital port hub for Ukraine.

* BERDYANSK - In the Zaporizhzhia region, on the northern coast of the Azov Sea, this harbor represented the future of Ukraine's ports with an infrastructure project put in place before the conflict, which allowed it a transit of 1.5 million tons of grain per year.

* MARIUPOL - Major port in South Ukraine, severely damaged by the war, had a capacity of over 60,000 TEUs a year, with one terminal for grain and one for coal. (ANSA).

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